Prevalence of Urinary Tract Infection among Patients with Diabetes Melitus in Tirana District

Selam Shkurti

Abstract


Background: & Objectives:  Urinary tract infection is one of the most commonly occurring infections among the patients with diabetes mellitus.

Methods This investigation was based to evaluate the incidence of UTI in patients with DM. Between January, 2013 to November, 1000 diabetic urine samples were collected. All urine samples were processed in the lab following standard laboratory protocol.

Results: A total of 25 UTI organisms were isolated from 361 urine samples collected from the diabetic patients attending the Department of Emergency, University Hospital Center "Mother Theresa” (QSUT) from. The incidence of UTI was recorded to 36.1%. Escherichia coli (54%) was found to be the major cause of UTI. About 5 different types of organisms isolated from the UTI samples were randomly chosen to test against the UTI antibiotics.

Interpretation & Conclusion: The antibiotic susceptibility pattern revealed that ciprofloxacin and  nitrofurantoin were most effective to e.coli 79.6%, and 89.4%. These data may be used to determine trends in antimicrobial susceptibilities, to formulate local antibiotic policies and to assist clinicians in the choice of antibiotic  therapy to prevent misuse, or overuse of antibiotics.

Key Words: Diabetes mellitus (DM), Urinary Tract Infection (UTI), Bacteria, antimicrobial resistance


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Copyright (c) 2015 Selam Shkurti

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ISSN 2385-2712         EISSN 2385-2453